Vietnam is a developing country in Southeast Asia. As a country with a fascinating history and diverse culture imbued with national identity for more than 4000 years due to its favorable location in the region. The land is the center of trade and cultural exchange. Bac Ninh is famous as one of the typical lands of culture imbued with national identity - Vietnam. In particular, an art form that makes Bac Ninh's very own cultural strength is the important ethnic groups that are always a rich resource for tourism development of the province. A particularly important cultural event, the pride of the Bac Ninh homeland was recognized by UNESCO as the representative intangible cultural heritage of humanity. Bac Ninh province with its constant efforts, is increasingly asserting its position to be ready to become a city directly under the Central Government by 2030, promising comprehensive development in all fields in the future. The research project is located on a key tourist route of the province with many cultural heritages and architectural works.
When an architectural work is born, its goal is to meet the needs of use or the spiritual and spiritual needs of the society of that period. After hundreds, even thousands of years, the social context and even the concept of religion and spirituality have changed, and that architectural heritage has also been lost. Losing some of the cultural and spiritual values of the nation.
Instead of a "virtual snail" less frequented - Phong Qua Cam Village can take advantage of special natural terrain conditions and cultural and architectural works that have a profound influence on the spiritual and cultural life of the people. citizen. Offer solutions to preserve appropriate cultural works instead of choosing to demolish. The design is based on the principle of respecting the context, respecting the terrain of the construction site.
Choose a layout plan that disperses freely according to the terrain. Attention from the general planning to the details of the project. The application of traditional village space takes advantage of the typical elements of architectural culture ... In order for patients to have suitable living spaces, quality health care, and connecting spaces. community to break down barriers between people with leprosy and society. At the same time, on the development momentum of the area with special topographical factors, the project can become a cultural tourist destination connecting the residential community, with high educational and humanitarian value in the future. The process of research, design and renovation contributes to the combination of modern technology, contributing to promoting environmental protection, efficient use of sustainable energy, contributing to regional economic development, conservation and promotion traditional cultural values imbued with national identity.
In the land that is falling into oblivion but full of potential for development, the topic will contribute to "Reviving a land" to create a new face for the important economic center of the North - Vietnam.
In Vietnam, the rate of people with leprosy is relatively high and spans a wide area from north to south. There are nearly 12 leprosy facilities across the country.The general condition falls into deterioration after many years of use .Women and children are vulnerable people who have more prevalence of leprosy than men. With the desire to offer some solutions to organize living spaces for people with leprosy so that they can have suitable living spaces, meet the daily living requirements of people with the disease, have connected spaces, ensure quality health care as well as help the community understand and be closer to patients, enabling them to integrate with the community in an easier way.
Designed on the principle of respecting the context, respecting the topography of the construction land. Selection of free distribution layout according to the topography. The idea focuses from the general planning to the details of the project. The application of traditional village space takes advantage of the characteristic elements of architectural culture.
The elements " old" and "new "are designed to create a completely new space but not strange to the users. In order for the sick person to have the right living spaces, to have quality health care, to have spaces that connect the community to be able to break down the barriers between the person with leprosy and society. At the same time, based on the development momentum of the area and the special terrain factor, the project can become a cultural tourist destination connecting the residential community, with high education and humanitarian quality in the future.
Target audience: Serving people with leprosy, lonely elderly people, people in the area, researchers, artisans, students - students and domestic and foreign tourists wishing to visit and travel and experience the space of Phong Qua Cam village.
- Functional items:
+ Patient's space: is the daily living space of the leper patient, including the main functions: sleeping space, receiving guests, eating, ..This is the space most in demand. (according to the survey) and closest to the patient, it is necessary to ensure appropriate design standards and comfort for people with leprosy.
+ Space for medical examination, treatment and rehabilitation: It is a space to serve and ensure the health of patients and at the same time there is a space for physical rehabilitation after the sequelae of the disease.
+ Space for reception, community activities, administrative management: It is a space for community activities, exchanges and connections between people with leprosy and the community to keep everyone in the community. Is a space to organize cultural and art activities ... There is a space for project management and operation. And welcome delegations to visit Phong village.
+ Cultural and spiritual space: Religious buildings are built for the purpose of serving spiritual life and have a profound influence on the spiritual life of patients. cultural and spiritual works ( pagodas , chapels , churches , ...) are suitable instead of choosing the demolition option.
+ Landscape space: Having an area not less than 50% of the construction land area. The garden landscape block can include some of the following spaces: gardens, practice yards, meditation, outdoor relaxation spaces, walking paths...
+ High-tech incubator: People with leprosy have a need to grow crops (psychology of old age) and provide food. Proposing the design of a nursery to help people with diseases easily participate in the cultivation process to enhance mobility. At the same time provide
A source of clean food for patients can even be brought to the market for consumption, creating a new agricultural model for people to visit and experience.
Cemetery Park: Cemetery is a necessary social infrastructure item in life, with a long history of birth and formation in the land. Cemetery planning should be suitable for immediate service requirements and long-term development.
The process of designing and renovating contributes to the incorporation of modern technology, contributing to the promotion of environmental protection, the effective use of sustainable energy, contributing to the development of the regional economy, preserving and promoting traditional cultural values with a strong national identity.
Because the housing works for patients are simple in size and nature, and due to the factors of topography and age as well as the characteristics affected by leprosy, the structural system used is also the Simple structure and low-rise house architecture.
The main structure of the building uses reinforced concrete beam frame system, solid brick walls, the exterior of the house can be decorated with natural or artificial stones. Use wood texture pitched roof.
The shape of the building shows the orientation to reduce the heating of the sun. In general, in the tropics, it is not desirable to have a large area of shell facing east & west, especially west, because it coincides with the highest temperature hours of the day.
Architectural structure: It is proposed to use the ventilation brick system, the roof lamination system ... This architectural language not only protects the sick person from the direct sunlight of the sun, shading the rain, but also creates a system. Natural ventilation system for corridor space. Light and airy architecture to catch natural wind, but stable against stormy winds. Ants
The architecture has porosity, has a lot of open space, opens many doors, suitable for bringing nature into the house. - The architecture has effective shading according to the position of the sun. Create sunshade structures with different materials, different colors, different shapes but all give the same effect.
- The sleeping block is a space that needs to be quiet and private. In the sleeping block, there are 3 basic types of rooms to suit the needs of using different spaces flexibly, including:
+ Module 1 person in
+ Module for 2 people (active treatment - 2 beds)
+ Household module
Applying solar batteries for high-tech incubators to generate electricity to operate the nursery, provide electricity for lighting equipment in the project...