The construction of habitat heritage community under the concept of sustainability

Danqiu Zhang, Kexin Wang

Project idea

The design site is located in the town of Brynevts, Svitavi City, BrnoProvince, Czech Republic, The former town had a thriving textile factory, a thriving culture and a thriving economy. But during World War ll,when textile factories were used as concentration camps for the oppression of Jews, the region's economy and culture also suffered. Today, the factories have been shut down, the local residents have serious unemployment, leisure life is single, and the ruins of the factories increase the safety risks of the community, these factors have exacerbated the hollowing out of the area.Therefore, this design aims to take "co-living" as the core, to create a habitat heritage community under the sustainable concept of coexistence of history and reality, and communication and integration of diverse cultures and diverse communities.

Project description

The neighbourhood project consists of two main components: the diverse residential community and the community public space. The diverse residential community is divided into group homes and single-family homes, which are individually tailored to the unique needs of the occupants and provide a variety of elements including communal areas and rooftop gardens. The public spaces of the neighbourhood are based on an in-depth study of the local Czech culture, which has resulted in the condensation of cultural elements such as music, wine, marketplaces and prayers. Through the renovation of the preserved factory buildings, a variety of indoor and outdoor public spaces were created, integrating local cultural characteristics into the community life. The design aims to provide a vibrant and diverse community environment that meets the needs of people of all ages and interests to live and interact together.

Technical information

The residence adopts a modular assembly structure, with 4*4m as the standard module, and divides the building into functionally independent unit modules according to the usage demand and design orientation. The modular system has the characteristics of independence, universality and interchangeability, making it possible to flexibly combine and split the modules. The basic functional requirements of the living unit include living room, dining room, kitchen, bathroom, bedroom and accessory functions such as transport. To meet these needs, steel, glass and locally sourced timber are used as the main materials. The exterior envelope is made of lightweight steel keel walls, which provide good structural stability and thermal insulation; in addition, the outdoor common areas are fitted with detachable modular units that can be put together with each other like building blocks. They can be combined and disassembled as needed to build art installations of different forms and functions.
Through modular assembly construction, the various parts of this community can be built more quickly and efficiently with flexibility and customisability. This allows the community to adapt to different usage needs and spatial layouts, reducing material waste and resource consumption.

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