Urban Design and Landscape

La via dell’Acqua - Park in the Heart of the City of Quartucciu, Italy

Katarzyna Jamioł
Cracow Technical University (Politechnika Krakowska), Kraków

Project idea

La via dell’Acqua project in Quartucciu, Sardinia, embodies a holistic approach to public space, intertwining architectural innovation with environmental restoration. The primary goal is to transform the neglected landscape along the Is Cungiaus river into a thriving ecosystem while addressing the pressing challenges posed by climate change. Through strategic renaturalization of the river, implementation of natural barriers, and the creation of a climate shelter inspired by traditional Italian architecture, it aims to mitigate flood risks and provide a refuge from extreme heat events. Formerly neglected fields and wild garbage dumps will undergo revitalization, becoming vibrant habitats for native flora and fauna. Our methodology integrates educational components, such as interpretive trails and informative exhibitions, to engage the community in understanding and addressing environmental issues. The outcome is a blend of functionality and aesthetics, where human activity coexists with nature in a sustainable manner.

Project description

La via dell’Acqua project in Quartucciu, Sardinia, is a testament to the power of data-driven design in addressing environmental challenges and creating resilient public spaces. The approach began with a comprehensive data collection process, which involved gathering information on hydrology, climate patterns, biodiversity, and historical land use. Through partnerships the water levels were monitored, and climate data was analyzed to understand the region's unique environmental dynamics. The collected data served as the foundation for design decisions and guidelines. By analyzing historical flood patterns and projecting future climate scenarios, areas prone to flooding were identified and natural flood management techniques, such as restoring the river and strategically placing vegetation to absorb excess water were integrated. Additionally, biodiversity surveys informed planting strategies, ensuring that the revitalized landscape would provide habitat for native species. One of the key challenges faced was addressing the impact of extreme heat events, exacerbated by climate change.

Technical information

Analysis of temperature data revealed the urgent need for climate shelters to provide refuge during heat waves. Inspired by traditional Sardinian architecture and informed by thermal modeling studies, an underground shelter made of waterproof concrete, capable of providing cooling relief for residents and visitors was designed. Furthermore, socio-economic data on community demographics and recreational preferences guided the development of design features aimed at enhancing public engagement and well-being. Interpretive trails, educational exhibits, and recreational amenities were strategically integrated into the landscape to encourage community interaction and stewardship.

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