Saigon Museum of Archeology

Khoa Dang Duy
University of Architecture Ho Chi Minh city
Viet Nam

Project idea

The Ho Chi Minh City Archaeological Museum is a testament to the rich history and cultural heritage of southern Vietnam. The architectural design embodies a harmonious blend of modernity and tradition, with Cham Pa-inspired elements and innovative underground spaces. The museum comprises three underground levels, each dedicated to different historical periods of Saigon, offering visitors a captivating journey through time. The use of natural lighting through skylights and the incorporation of stone materials evoke a sense of authenticity and connection to the ancient archaeological sites. The museum's layout and exhibits aim to provide an immersive and educational experience for visitors, fostering a deeper appreciation for the region's past.

Project description

The Ho Chi Minh City Archaeological Museum draws inspiration from the ancient Cham Pa and Funan archaeological sites in southern Vietnam. The architectural form of the museum is simplified from the Cham Pa-style towers, featuring square spaces and skylights. Alongside the descent into the underground levels (nearly 3 levels), skylights illuminate the square stone chambers from below, creating spaces imbued with symbolism and commemoration. The predominantly stone construction, using basalt and washed stones, reflects the modernity of Saigon's urban landscape while preserving its traditional essence, evoking the hues of ancient archaeological earth and stone. The museum revolves around a journey back in time for visitors; as they descend further into the underground, they traverse through the historical epochs of Saigon, from ancient to medieval times, culminating in the deepest level housing prehistoric relics. Each layer of earth and stone is exposed and presented for visitors to comfortably experience.

Technical information

The Ho Chi Minh City Archaeological Museum is primarily constructed using basalt and washed stones, chosen for their durability and aesthetic appeal. Skylights positioned strategically throughout the underground levels provide ample natural lighting, reducing the need for artificial illumination during daylight hours. The museum's ventilation system is designed to ensure adequate airflow and temperature control within the underground spaces. Additionally, state-of-the-art exhibit displays and multimedia installations are incorporated to enhance the visitor experience and facilitate interactive learning. The museum is equipped with modern security and conservation systems to safeguard its valuable artifacts and collections for future generations.

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