Hin Lok Lee, Kainan Hu
The University of Strathclyde Department of Architecture, Glasgow, Scotland
The global sea rising is an inevitable urgency that Hong Kong will face. According to the UN habitat, it stated that sea rising events are expected to affect… more
School of Art and Design, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia
Commercial Architecture & Interior Design, Corporate Architecture and Interior Design more
These creative and also provocative ideas, provide insights into the issue of land scarcity and urban farming!
The design of the floating platforms for the building on the water, not only focuses on its function but is also interesting in hexagon visual composition. The buildings above the platforms can accommodate various people's activities. The configuration allows the best view and visibility for the user to the surrounding environment. The subtropical climate is an aspect that shall be considered when focusing on the detailed plan of the open spaces and circulation corridors.
The new skyscrapers on the mountain are well-planned. One of the advantages is the vertical building configuration that is connected by many open sky corridors. Compact vertical mass arrangement and has specific modules. The modules are effective and efficient for vertical building, as well as during the implementation of the development process. In addition, as an urban area, these design ideas can accommodate urban activities with lots of open public spaces included vertical urban farming. The next important thing to consider is the load calculation of the structure with its mass in vertical (live load, dead load, and structural load) loads; horizontal forces (wind forces, earthquakes, and landslides).
Keep up the creative ideas!
The global sea rising is an inevitable urgency that Hong Kong will face. According to the UN habitat, it stated that sea rising events are expected to affect 90 percent of coastal areas before 2050. In the case of Hong Kong, it is said to be a city that is at the highest risk. This thesis is a provocation and a provision to mitigate flooding at different timelines, providing an inhabitable city in the future. Rather than trying to stop floods, it aims to adapt to them.
Hong Kong is surrounded by water, rendering water barriers to be a futile solution. A densely packed city with mountains, its lack of land area makes it very susceptible to future floods. The solution proposed by this thesis attempts to adapt the geographical elements of Hong Kong, ie. the mountains and the seas, as its solution to mitigate both the existing issue of land scarcity and flooding.
This thesis will not only discuss the impact of floods on Hong Kong macroscopically but also select the North Point as a study district, a highly dense is speculated to be severely affected by the flooding. It tests the feasibility of constructing cities in the mountains and on the sea via different phases.
Phase1: Year 2021
In the first line of provision, floating seawalls with water turbines across the Victoria Harbour will be constructed to reduce flood impact around the low-lying coastal and land reclamation area.
Phase2: Year 2035
The rapid global warming has caused the sea level to rise by 5 meters, rendering ground-leveled main entrances to be inaccessible. Installation of new ancillary structures on top of the existing buildings are proposed to create new entrances for the upper floors to continue to function.
Phase3: Year 2050
The sea level has risen to 10 meters, causing some lower buildings to be submerged. The proposal aims to redesign new buildings on floating platforms on the water or within the mountains according to the function and age of the building. Besides, the new transportation infrastructure is proposed to become the main connection point connecting the areas of mountains and sea areas.
The technology methods of the project include the design of floating platforms for the buildings on the water, the installation of mega-structure on existing building blocks and new skyscrapers on the mountain. The new transportation infrastructure is used to connect the areas of seas and mountains.