University of Belgrade, Faculty of Architecture, Belgrade, Serbia
CONCEPT The first problem we face at the location is its topography and inaccessibility. Steep terrain made of rocks and very little soil is difficult to… more
All fields in Architecture in general including:Architectural Design (specialized)Landscape and… more
It is good for the planning of the project to take into account the topography of the land and invest the slope to build housing units fit with it and also to make excellent use of the view surrounding the site from the olive gardens and the sea in an excellent way. In addition to taking into account the methods of servicing cars and studying them with appropriate slopes. However, it is better to study the long facades of the residential blocks to enjoy the wide view of the sea. Also, the design of the traditional-like houses should have been studied without going through the additional exposed spaces, which ensures better functional relationships for the users of the house.
The first problem we face at the location is its topography and inaccessibility. Steep terrain made of rocks and very little soil is difficult to shape. From here, the best way to overcome the terrain is to follow its geometry and derive the directions of movement and positions of objects from there.
Another problem is the function and life of the location, where we cannot rely only on tourism. By introducing for example olive grove to the location, as a traditional activity, we give a new function and source of life to the location, and we also create an interesting tourist attraction. In addition to orientation towards the sea, it is also necessary to think about the introduction of footpaths to Paklenica as a tourist attraction for adventurers.
From this issue, the idea is to preserve the shape of the terrain, nature, and implement traditional elements of architecture and life into a modern complex.
ABOUT THE PROJECT
Starting from the slope and topography of the terrain, the project foresees a road route with the highest slope of 12%, pedestrian paths that are expected to have a drop of up to 10% and stairs to overcome the height by the shortest route. With this, we keep the natural shape of the terrain with minimal interventions to create a new relief. By forming the main pedestrian routes and the car route, the spaces in between create new units divided by zones (zone with villas, zone of apartments / houses where people would live, cascade with olive groves, hotel zone, park / camp zone).
The road that divides the location into two parts creates two units, one with prime facilities by the sea and one with public facilities and olive groves towards Paklenica. Passing by private vehicles is possible only through that road that connects the two ends of the site with the highway and passes through the center. There is a parking lot at one end, and access to private facilities by car would be possible only for people who use those facilities. Another way of communicating on location would be in the form of electric scooters or golf carts that are used to transport suitcases.
The typology of the designed objects is based on a traditional Dalmatian house where stone walls are used to emphasize horizontality and where functional units are divided into segments and form open spaces as central environments and communications.
The villas are formed according to the shape of the terrain and partly rely on piles representing the location condition. The functional units are separate, divided into a living area, a sleeping area and additional functions, but connected by a staircase or corridor that are transparent and create the impression of openness to nature. Additional functions appear as physically separate segments, where you have to go through the yard to get to them, like in a traditional house where you had to go through the yard to get to the basic areas. They can be in the form of a room for piano, table tennis, summer kitchen, table football, study room, studio...
The zone of public buildings and areas is defined so that several buildings form one complex with a shared public space in the form of a square, swimming pool or park. The complexes are defined by isohypses and the slope of the terrain, and between them the terrain is divided into cascades with olive groves, following the same relief. The facilities are designed as ground floor or single floor with 1 to 6 apartments. Cascades are defined by horizontal stone walls.
Intervention during terrain shaping does not require modern principles of construction, but traditional principles of adapting to the terrain. As such, the main design material is stone, which is the most abundant in the area. This reduces the length of transport, which affects the reduction of pollution. Flat roofs are intended as passable public or private and as green roofs.