Haaris Zafar Khan
Faculty of Architecture and Ekistics, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi
Urban Design and Landscape
The projects aims to mitigate the traumatic experience of their memory of the citizens of Sopore, Kashmir suffering from PTSD and promote the construction of a… more
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Hello Haaris, I am Jani from Albania, a former Inspireli Awards winner and Juror. I have been given the task of giving feedback on your project for further improvement.
First I would like to congratulate you on your work and desire to contribute on sensitive issues of society which in many cases are neglected. Such topics are very interpretable in different ways and it is difficult to give a more concrete opinion about the topic. I had to study a little on this topic to have a better understanding about it.
Regarding the topic, it is not only interesting but also of high importance to be studied and treated even as an experimental case.
People with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) receive stimuli from the surrounding environment which evoke memories or trauma in their psychology, but often these traumas are unrelated to the built environment and separate them from social life. These people need more emotional support, social activities to create social relationships where these people feel valued and their self-confidence grows.
I appreciate your idea of creating a center where these people are offered different treatments for different situations or symptoms that they may have. Also to be a more controlled and harmonious environment. The drawings were very small and illegible in order to better understand the functional organization of the buildings and for this I can not give suggestions except graphically what I would recommend the presentation to be clear and more legible and to have same graphic language , to be more organized, because it is very chaotic and requires concentration to understand the project.
Another suggestion would be about the composition of the objects in the site. Objects look very fragmented and the conceptual scheme of the volumes is no longer legible and no longer easily understood. It would be better if the volumes were more simple, organic and fused with nature. The patients who will be treated in addition to the facilities built to provide the service, also need a connection with nature. It has been proven that nature has a calming effect on human psychology and its elements present in the design of buildings, or landscape would increase the value and effect on the required function.
So in my opinion a more biophilic design approach is needed.
Maybe such elements are implemented in your project and I was not able to understand well this information. Over all, your objectives are clear and seem to be realised in the project.
The comments are general and I hope they will help in advancing your project as well as your further studies, and i am very interested in your progres on this topic, as it has high study interest. And a case study like yours is valuable to spark various debates and encourage the society to react.
I wish you all the best in this humane profession.
The projects aims to mitigate the traumatic experience of their memory of the citizens of Sopore, Kashmir suffering from PTSD and promote the construction of a cohesive society by designing the community space for PTSD survivors of conflict as a an architecture intervention.
Throughout the course of world history, wars and post traumatic stress disorder always has a direct relationship as they are influenced by multiple external factors which forms a complex web in that region, thus direct or indirectly effecting an Individual milieu internally in terms of PTSD. Today, unfortunately, they are many, which are raging around the globe, for example in Syria and Somali Palestine, Mexico, Iraq Kashmir etc. which are effected by Post war in terms of PTSD. How is post-war chaos producing PTSD managed in an Urban context which in itself has an Traumatic Landscape directly or indirectly effect an Individual. What will be imprinted on to the residents’ memory in terms of Trauma and what will pass into oblivion? Understanding the architect’s deep influence on the shaping of life , these questions swirl in my mind and thus raising the indicator of responsibility in a Post traumatic Urbanism .
The site selected is in Kashmir, Baramaulla Sopore where the 26 % of the population suffers from PTSD, largest in India. Different survivors have different Traumatic memory (social political ethnic religious), thus forming a complex web of mental conflict over one another. The thesis aims to bind them together in form of a collective memory in an urban space without having any conflict over their personal traumatic memory. The multiple sets of people suffering from PTSD are further classified based on their collective trauma i.e. Massacre, Torture, Half Widows, Transitional Youth and Armed Forces combat Survivors. The survivors are thus further classified based on Severe Individual PTSD (Rehabilitation & Treatment) and Urbanism PTSD (Treatment) inducing Cognitive therapy in its built block and Prolonged Exposure therapy in its Landscape based on their trauma categorization. The user as an internal factor is dominating over the external factors i.e. Landscape which is vice versa in its context. Thus an order is created as an equilibrium over a complex web of mental conflict created to a specific user therapeutic needs and trauma experience in order to not affect them mentally when they get back to their Traumatic Urbanism.
• To demonstrate the significant role of conflict exposure in increasing the risk for PTSD symptoms
also that direct or perceived exposure to armed conflict is associated with an increased risk of developing PTSD symptoms.
• To spread this awareness and urge the health authority to implement their stated policies and to prioritize the immediate implementation of community-based psychiatric and counseling services in Kashmir
• To offer insight into the conditions of life in these areas which may enable the Architects, administration and non-governmental organizations to understand the best ways to develop and implement intervention programs focused on increasing resilience factors and minimizing risk factors.