With a macro perspective there is a lot of free space in the middle. Also most of the construction does not exceed 6-8 floors which gives the city a special… more
building Swaziland since 1991 more
2 March 2022
INSPIRELI AWARDS, JURY SUPERVISION
Project: University complex, Bratislava, Slovakia by Yara Abaud, Israel
Please find below my Architect’s comments:
Your proposal is very impressive, unconventional and well presented. Congratulations, you deserve a distinction!
The Conceptual model is well-balanced, octagonal composition of subtraction and addition, solid & void; positive & negative, yin & yang. Excellent! The resulting articulated structure is outstanding with its irregular grid and the play of solid & void, light and deep shadows and is a worthy example of a Constructivist study.
The Building (pros) is an impressive structure on its own and has the size and form for a unique landmark but (cons) its functional benefit to the university is doubtful. You have created a sky-scraper (100m high) which dominates a city of medium-rise buildings of 6-8 floors. It is not connecting to the landscape (as you claim). It appears as a gigantic abstract structure as if air-dropped at night by aliens.
What was the objective of the project: to upgrade the university or to turn it into a tourist attraction or to create a monument of the architect’s big ego?
I suggest that we go back to the basics and recall the Universal principles of Architecture (as defined by Vitruvius, BC): Firmitas, Utilitas, and Venustas. Meaning that any good building should be Strong, Functional and Beautiful. If one of one of these features is deficient or absent, Architecture fails. For example a building, devoid of function, becomes a structure or a sculpture or just a ‘folly’. Like the structures created by Bernard Tschumi in the 1980s, at the Parc de la Villette, in Paris.
From Town planning point of view ‘city landmarks’ can be either buildings or monuments or structures, as long as they serve a purpose as ‘focal points’ or ‘beacons’. Such as the famous landmark of Paris, the Eiffel Tower (324m high), was built as temporary steel structure for the World Expo 1889, but became the Symbol of Paris (after many years of ‘love-hate’ relationship with Parisians).
We will continue using the grand city of Paris as a 'case-study'.
Other famous symbols of Paris (and most prominent landmarks) are located along the historical axis from the Louvre along Avenue des Champs-Elysees and beyond, which are:
The Arc de Triomphe (50m high), commissioned by Napoleon and built in 1836, is a grand monument and focal point on Place de L’Etoile.
And farther out (5km to the NW, across the river Seine) is the Grande Arche de la Defense, built in 1989 at a height of 110m, which serves as a ‘gateway’ to the high-rise business district of La Defense. Hence called ‘Tete Defense’ or ‘the Head’. Also called “the Cube", I call it 'the Square Arc'. It is a powerful symbol and a unique landmark (marks the end of the Imperial city and the beginning of the Modern one). But it’s also a functional building.
That is what Great Architecture is about.
Peter Plachkov, M.Arch
With a macro perspective there is a lot of free space in the middle. Also most of the construction does not exceed 6-8 floors which gives the city a special character of uniform height. When you look at the city at a glance, you see that there is a lot of free space and feel it as a ventilated city. At the same time with a micro perspective when we are at the site in a human scale, in our case the university complex, there is a sense of dissonance between the ventilation of the spaces and open spaces in the city, and a sense of pressure and density in the university complex.
, Produces models that express and describe the idea that I want to produce in this project. The balance between framework and freedom / between mass and space. My models are positive negative, every time I take the positive and produce it in a subtraction of spaces like the feeling conveyed from the city Bratislava. The model created a lot of interesting spaces, spaces of subtraction, different thicknesses and different openings and a lot of planes. My goal is to create a structure that has the same DNA of the city tissue and place it vertically, so I take what I created in the models to express the idea of opening the fram w. In phase A, open the frame of the compound in one corner when demolishing some of the two existing buildings, the Faculty of Civil Engineering and the Faculty of Chemistry. The action is to climb to a height to illustrate the idea of connecting to the landscape ، When altitude will serve as a connection with two important points in the city is the bratislava castle which is 230m above the water and horsky park which is 200m above sea level . The complex is 150m above sea level and the building I am planning stands at a height of 100m above sea level so that the connection between it and the two important centers in the city reaches the same height.
The building I offer has 3 points of movement where each of them rises to a certain height. The building is made up of many shapes and can be seen as a grid that connects all its ends. Like a game. The facades of my building are made of mashrabia that can once penetrate light into the structure and sometimes allows sealing, it depends on the function that is in the area. The building is divided into many parts. One of the traffic elements is placed in a corner that relates more to the floor of the city and the streets near the complex and it goes up to the last floor of the building and it will be used by the "foreign" guests and from there could go up to the vantage point I offer and see the city in spectacular view. (both facades facing the city and also the height of the building identifies with the centers height)Two more traffic elements have been placed on the facades facing the university complex, and each of them is located near the different faculties.
I can define or divide the building I designed into 3 areas.
1. The more public area
2.The area next to the Faculty of Civil Engineering
3. The area next to the Faculty of Chemistry
And the connection with the Faculty of Architecture on the fourth floor
The areas I am talking about do not connect together on all floors, and that was after I came to the conclusion that areas 2 and 3 are more belonging to different faculties and in selected floors yes there should be a disconnect between the areas.